As the Arctic region consists of a large Ocean surrounded by land, the Law of the Sea becomes particularly relevant in this context. UNCLOS, the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea, is an international agreement that outlines a comprehensive regime of laws clarifying the rights and responsibilities of States in regard of the use of seas and oceans, and their resources. The treaty therefore regulates issues such as navigational rights, territorial sea limits, economic jurisdiction, legal status of resources on the seabed beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, passage of ships through narrow straits, conservation and management of living marine resources, protection of the marine environment, a marine research regime and, a more unique feature, a binding procedure for settlement of disputes between States. The US has not ratified the Convention.



Status of the Convention

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