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  • A5: Arctic five (US, Canada, Denmark, Russia, Norway)
  • AAA: Antarctic Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • AAC: Arctic Athabaskan Council
  • AACA: Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic
  • AANDC: Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada
  • AARI: Arctic Antarctic Research Institute
  • ABA: Arctic Biodiversity Assessment
  • ABDS: Arctic Biodiversity Data Service
  • AC: Arctic Council
  • ACAP: Arctic Contaminants Action Program (Arctic Council Working Group)
  • ACBio: Arctic Coastal Biodiversity
  • ACCO-NET: Arctic Circumpolar Coastal Observatory Network
  • ACD: Arctic Coastal Dynamics
  • ACE: Arctic Climate Evolution
  • ACGF: Arctic Coast Guard Forum
  • ACIA: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment
  • ACOPS: Advisory Committee on Protection of the Seas
  • ACS: Arctic Council Secretariat
  • ADD: International Arctic Environmental Data Directory
  • ADMAP: Antarctic Digital Magnetic Anomaly Project
  • AEC: Arctic Economic Council
  • AEPS: Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy
  • AFoPS: Asian Forum for Polar Science
  • AG: Action Group
  • AGCS: Antarctica in the Global Climate System
  • AHDR: Arctic Human Development Report
  • AHDR: II Arctic Human Development Report II
  • AHHEG: Arctic Human Health Expert Group
  • AIA: Aleut International Association
  • AINA: Arctic Institute of North America
  • AMAP Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (Arctic Council Working Group)
  • AMATII: Arctic Maritime and Aviation Transportation Infrastructure Initiative
  • AMBI: Arctic Migratory Birds Initiative
  • AMD: Antarctic Master Directory
  • AMSA: Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment
  • AMSP: Arctic Marine Strategic Plan
  • AMTP: Arctic Maritime Tourism Project
  • ANTPAS: Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Permafrost, Periglacial and Soil Environments
  • ANWR: Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
  • AO: Arctic Oscillation
  • AOA: Arctic Ocean Acidification
  • AOMIP: Arctic Ocean Model Intercomparison Project
  • AON: Arctic Observing Network
  • AOOGG: Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines
  • AORF: Arctic Offshore Regulators´ Forum
  • AOR: Arctic Ocean Review
  • AOSB: Arctic Ocean Science Board
  • APECS: Association of Polar Early Career Scientists
  • APEX: Arctic Palaeoclimate and its Extremes
  • APPLICATE: Advanced prediction in polar regions and beyond
  • ARCMIP: Arctic Regional Climate Model Intercomparison Project
  • Arctic-HYDRA: Arctic Hydrological Cycle Monitoring, Modelling and Assessment Program
  • ARCUS: Arctic Research Consortium of the United States
  • AREA: Arctic Renewable Energy Atlas
  • ARENA: Arctic Remote Energy Networks Academy
  • ARICE: Arctic Research Icebreaker Consortium
  • ARR / ARA: Arctic Resilience Report / Arctic Resilience Assessment
  • ASDS: Arctic Shipping Data Service
  • ASSW: Arctic Science Summit Week
  • ASTD: Arctic Ship Traffic Data
  • ASTI: Arctic Species Trend Index
  • ATCM: Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings
  • ATS: Antarctic Treaty System
  • AWI: Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
  • AWPPA: Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act
  • AWRH: Association of World Reindeer Herders
  • BAT: Best Available Techniques
  • BCM: Black Carbon and Methane
  • BEAC: Barents Euro Arctic Council
  • BEAR: Barents Euro Arctic Region
  • BEP: Best Environmental Practice
  • BipAG: Joint Bipolar Action Group
  • BIS: Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (UK)
  • BP: British Petroleum
  • BSSN: Bering Sea Sub-network
  • C&O group: Communications and Outreach group
  • CAA: Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration
  • CAA: Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration
  • CAFF: Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (Arctic Council Working Group)
  • CALM: Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring
  • CAML: Census of Antarctic Marine Life
  • CAPP: Carbon Pools in Permafrost Region
  • CAPS: Circumpolar Active-Layer Permafrost System
  • CARC: Canadian Arctic Resources Committee
  • CARCMIP: Coupled Arctic Regional Climate Model Intercomparison Project
  • CARMA: Circum-Arctic Rangifer Monitoring and Assessment Program
  • CAT-B: Circum-Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Initiative
  • CAVM: Circum-Arctic Vegetation Map
  • CBird: The Circumpolar Seabird Expert Group
  • CBD: Convention on Biological Diversity
  • CBM: Community-Based Monitoring
  • CBMP: Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program
  • CBSS: Council of the Baltic Sea States
  • CCAMLR: Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
  • CCGS: Canadian Coast Guard Ship
  • CCU: Circumpolar Conservation Union
  • CEA: Centre d‘Etudes Arctiques
  • CEARC: Centre Européen Arctique
  • CEMG: Coastal Expert Monitoring Group
  • CEON: Circum-Arctic Environmental Observatories Network
  • CFG: Circumpolar Flora Group
  • CFP: Common Fisheries Policy
  • CICERO: Center for International and Environmental Research
  • CIDA: Canadian International Development Agency
  • CITES: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
  • CLCS: Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf
  • CLEO: Circumpolar Local Environmental Observer Network
  • CliC: Climate in the Cryosphere
  • CLIVAR: Climate Variability and Predictability
  • CNRS: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France)
  • COMAAR: Co-ordination of Observation and Monitoring of the Arctic for Assessment and Research
  • COMNAP: Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs
  • COP15: 15th Conference of Parties (to the Kyoto Protocol)
  • CORE: Centre for Offshore Research & Engineering
  • CP: Le Cercle Polaire
  • CPAN: Circumpolar Protected Areas Network
  • CPAR: Conference of Parliamentarians of the Arctic Region
  • CRDF: U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation
  • CReSIS: Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets
  • CRREL: U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center's Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab
  • DAMOCLES: Developing Arctic Modeling and Observing Capabilities for Longterm Environmental Studies
  • DC: Davis Corridor
  • DCE: Designated/contributing Expert
  • DECC: Department of Energy and Climate Change (UK)
  • DEFRA: Department for Food and Rural Affairs (UK)
  • DFAIT: Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Canada)
  • DND: Department of National Defence (Canada)
  • DWT: Dead Weight Tonnes
  • EA: Ecosystem Approach
  • EALLU: Arctic Indigenous Youth, Climate Change and Food Culture
  • EBA: Evolution of Biodiversity in Antarctica
  • EBM: Ecosystem Based Management
  • EBSAs: Ecologically and Biologically Significant Areas
  • EC: European Commission
  • EC: European Community
  • ECONOR: Economy of the North
  • ECS: Early Career Scientist
  • EEZ: Exclusive Economic Zone
  • EFTA: European Free Trade Agreement
  • EG: Expert Group
  • EGPPE: Expert Group on Permafrost and Periglacial Environments
  • EIA: Environmental Impact Assessment
  • EMSO: Europian Multi-disciplinary Seafloor Observation
  • ENGO: Environmental Non Governmental Organizations
  • EOC: Education, Outreach and Communication
  • EoI: Expression of Interest
  • EP: European Parliament
  • EPB: European Polar Board
  • EPICA: European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica
  • EPPR: Emergency Prevention, Preparedness and Response
  • ERMA: The Environmental Response Management Application
  • ERP: Event-Related Potentials
  • ESF: European Science Foundation
  • ESFRI: European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures
  • EU: European Union
  • EUFAR: European Fleet for Airborne Research
  • EU-ICEMASS: European Response of Arctic Ice Masses to Climate Change
  • EUSCO: European Science Coordination Office
  • EU-SPICE: Space-borne Measurements of Arctic Glaciers and Implications for Sea Level
  • FARO: Forum of Arctic Research Operators
  • FC: Fram Corridor
  • FCO: UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office
  • FCZ: Fisheries Conservation Zone
  • FEMG: Freshwater Expert Monitoring Group
  • FP7: European Commission Seventh Framework Programme
  • FP8: European Commission Eight Framework Programme
  • FPSO: Floating Production Storage and Offloading
  • GCI: Gwich´in Council International
  • GCM: General Circulation Model
  • GDP: Gross Domestic Product
  • GEF: Global Environmental Facilities
  • GEGA: Groupe d‘Etude sur la Gouvernance Arctique (France)
  • GIANT: Geodetic Infrastructure of Antarctica
  • GIS: Geographic Information System
  • GPS: Global Positioning System
  • HAIS: Heads of Arctic and Antarctic IPY 2007-2008 Secretariats
  • HARC: Human Dimension of the Arctic System
  • HDI: Human Development Index
  • HFO: Heavy Fuel Oil
  • HHAG: Human Health Assessment Group
  • HoD: Head of Delegation
  • HSEMS: Health Safety and Environmental Management Systems
  • iAOOS: Integrated Arctic Ocean Observing System
  • IARC: International Arctic Research Center
  • IARPC: Interagency Arctic Research and Policy Committee
  • IASC: International Arctic Science Committee
  • IASOA: International Arctic Systems for Observing the Atmosphere
  • IASSA: International Arctic Social Science Association
  • IBP: International Biological Program
  • IBSCO: International Bathymetric Chart of the Southern Ocean
  • ICARP: International Conference on Arctic Research Planning
  • ICC: Inuit Circumpolar Council
  • ICESTAR: Interhemispheric Conjugacy in Solar-Terrestrial and Aeronomy Research
  • ICG: International Contract Group
  • ICPM: International Commission on Polar Meteorology
  • ICSU: International Council for Science
  • IEA: International Energy Agency
  • IFRC: International Federation of Red Cross & Red Crescent Societies
  • IGO: Intergovernmental Organization
  • IGOS: Intergrated Global Observing Strategy
  • IGPB: International Geosphere Biosphere Program
  • IHDP: International Human Dimensions Program on Global Environmental Change
  • IHWMS: Integrated Hazardous Waste Management Strategy
  • ILO: International Labour Organisation
  • IMAU: Institute for Marine Atmospheric Research Utrecht
  • IMO: International Maritime Organisation
  • IMS: Internet Map Serving
  • INSROP: International Northern Sea Route Programme
  • INTAS: International Association for the Promotion of Co-operation with Scientists from the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union
  • IODP: International Ocean Drilling Program
  • IPA: International Permafrost Association
  • IPAB: International Program of Antarctic Buoys
  • IPCC: Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change
  • IPEV: L'Institut polaire française Paul-Emile Victor
  • IPICS: International Partnerships in Ice Core Science
  • IPIECA: International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association
  • IPO: International Program Office
  • IPS: Indigenous Peoples Secretariat
  • IPY: International Polar Year
  • IPY JC: International Polar Year Joint Committee
  • IPYDIS: International Polar Year Data and Information Service
  • IR: International Relations
  • ISA: International Seabed Authority
  • ISAC: International Study of Arctic Change
  • ISIRA: International Science Initiative in the Russian Arctic
  • ISMASS: Ice Sheet Mass Balance and Sea Level
  • ITC: Inuit Tapirisat of Canada
  • ITEX: International Tundra Experiment
  • ITK: Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami
  • IUCH: International Union for Circumpolar Health
  • IUCN: International Union for the Conservation of Nature
  • IUCP: International University Course on Permafrost
  • IWGIA: International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs
  • JAMSTEC: Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
  • JANSROP: Japan Northern Sea Route Programme
  • JARE: Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition
  • JAXA: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
  • JCADM: Joint SCAR/COMNAP Committee on Antarctic Data Mangement
  • JCAR: Japan Consortium for Arctic Environmental Research
  • JOGMEC: Japan Oil, Gas, and Metals National Corporation
  • KNE: Key National Expert
  • LME: Large Marine Ecosystem
  • LNG: Liquefied Natural Gas
  • LOICS: Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone
  • LOIRA: Land-Ocean Interactions in the Russian Arctic
  • LTO: Long-term Observing
  • MA: Millenium Ecosystem Assessment
  • MAGICS: Mass Balance of Arctic Glaciers and Ice Sheets in Relation to the Climate and Sea-level Changes
  • MARPOL: Convention on the Prevention of Pollution by Ships
  • MAST: Map of Sediment Thickness
  • MEMA: Meaningful Engagement of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in Marine Activities
  • MEP: Member of European Parliament
  • MFA: Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • MMPA: Marine Mammals Protection Act (USA)
  • MOSPA: Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic
  • MoU: Memorandum of Understanding
  • MP: Member of Parliament
  • MPA: Maritime and Port Authority
  • MT: Metric Tonnes
  • NAFO: Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization
  • NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement
  • NAMMCO: North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission
  • NARSEC: Network on Arctic Rapid Social-Ecological Change
  • NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • NASCO: North American Science Coordination Office
  • NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
  • NCM: Nordic Council of Ministers
  • ND: Northern Dimension (EU)
  • NDFP: Northern Dimension of Canadian Foreign Policy
  • NEAFC: North East Atlantic Fisheries Convention
  • NEFCO: Nordic Environment Finance Corporation
  • NEP: Northeast Passage
  • NERC: Natural Environment Research Council (UK)
  • NF: Northern Forum
  • NGO: Non-Governmental Organization
  • NICOP: Ninth International Conference on Permafrost
  • NILU: Norwegian Institute for Air Research
  • NIPR: National Institute of Polar Research (Japan)
  • NMC: Northern Maritime Corridor
  • NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • NORA: Nordic Atlantic Cooperation
  • NORAD: North American Air Defence Command
  • NORDEFCO: Nordic Defense Cooperation
  • NPC: Northern Pacific Corridor
  • NRF: Northern Research Forum
  • NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • NSR: Northern Sea Route
  • NWP: Northwest Passage
  • NWT: Northwest Territories
  • O&G: Oil and Gas
  • OECD: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • OGA: Oil and Gas Assessment
  • OME: Offshore and Marine Engineering
  • OPRC: International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response
  • OPRF: Ocean Policy Research Foundation (Japan)
  • OSPAR: Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment
  • PA: Polar Ambassador
  • PAG: Pacific Arctic Group
  • PAME: Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (Arctic Council Working Group)
  • PAN: Polar Archeology Network
  • PAP: People‘s Action Party (Singapore)
  • PCB: Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment
  • PI: Principle Investigator
  • PM: Prime Minister
  • PMO: Prime Minister‘s Office
  • POPs: Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • PP: Permanent Participants
  • PSI: Project Support Instrument
  • PTS: Persistent Toxic Substances
  • PYRN: Permafrost Young Researchers Network
  • RAIPON: Russian Association of Indigenous Peoples of the North
  • RAISE: Russian-American Initiative on Shelf-Land Environments
  • RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences
  • RB: Regional Board
  • RCN: Research Council of Norway
  • RFE: Russian Far East
  • RFMO: Regional Fisheries Management Organization
  • RPA: Regional Programme of Action
  • RRFP: Regional Reception Facilities Plan
  • SALE: Sub Glacial Antarctic Lake Exploration
  • SAM: Survey of Arctic Meetings
  • SAMBR: State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report
  • SAO: Senior Arctic Official
  • SAOC: SAO Chair (Chair of the Senior Arctic Officials)
  • SAON: Sustaining Arctic Observation Network
  • SAON-IG: Sustaining Arctic Observing Networks - Initiating Group
  • SAR: Search and Rescue
  • SC: Steering Committee
  • SCANNET: Scandinavian and Northern Europian Network of Terrestrial Field Bases
  • SCAR: Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
  • SCO: Science Coordination Office
  • SCOR: Scientific Committee for Oceanic Research
  • SCPAR: Standing Committee of Parliamentarians of the Arctic Region
  • SCTF: Task Force on Enhancing Scientific Cooperation in the Arctic
  • SDF: Japan Maritime Self Defense Force
  • SDI: Spatial Data Infrastructure
  • SDWG: Sustainable Development Working Group (Arctic Council)
  • SEARCH: Study of Environmental Arctic Change
  • SECEG: Social, Economic and Cultural Expert Group
  • SFT: Norwegian Pollution Control Authority
  • SIKU: Sea Ice Knowledge and Use in the North
  • SIPRI: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
  • SLCF: Short-lived climate forcers
  • SLCF EG: Short Lived Climate Pollutants Expert Group
  • SMC: Singapore‘s Maritime Cluster
  • SNACS: Study of the North Alaska Coastal System
  • SNP: Scottish National Party
  • SOE: State Owned Enterprises
  • SOF: Ship and Ocean Foundation
  • SOLAS: Safety of Life at Sea (IMO)
  • SOOS: Southern Ocean Observing System
  • SPRS: Swedish Polar Research Secretariat
  • SRP: Scientific Research Program
  • SSF: Svalbard Science Forum
  • SSG: Scientific Steering Group
  • STCW: Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers
  • SWIPA: Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic
  • TAWEPI: THORPEX Arctic Weather and Environmental Prediction Initiative
  • TBD / TBC: To be determined / To be considered
  • TFAMC: Task Force on Arctic Marine Cooperation
  • TFBCM: Task Force on Black Carbon and Methane
  • TFCBF: Task Force to Facilitate the Circumpolar Business Forum
  • TFII: Task Force for Institutional Issues
  • TFOPP: Task Force on Arctic Marine Oil Pollution Prevention
  • TFTIA: Task Force on Telecommunications Infrastructure in the Arctic
  • THORPEX: The Observing System Research and Predictability Experiment
  • TLK: Traditional and local knowledge
  • TNC: Transnational Corporations
  • ToR: Terms of Reference
  • TPP: Trans Polar Passage
  • TSP: Thermal State of Permafrost
  • TSR: Transpolar Sea Route
  • TTI: Tundra Taiga Interface
  • U.S.: NSF United States National Science Foundation
  • U.S. PRB: United States Polar Research Board
  • UAF: University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • UArctic: University of the Arctic
  • UAS: Unmanned Aircraft System
  • UDHR: Universal Declaration on Human Rights
  • UIT: University of Tromsø
  • UN: United Nations
  • UNCCD: United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
  • UNCED: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
  • UNCLOS: United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
  • UNCTAD: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
  • UNDP: United Nations Development Programme
  • UNDRIP: United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
  • UNECE: United Nations European Economic Commission for Europe
  • UNEP: United Nations Environment Program
  • UNEP-WCMC: United Nations Environment Program World Conservation Monitoring Centre
  • UNFCCC: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • UNIS: University of Svalbard
  • USGS: United States Geological Survey
  • USNC: for IPY United States National Committee for the International Polar Year 2007-2008
  • WASH: Improving Health in Arctic Communities through Safe and Affordable Access to Household Running Water and Sewer: Water, Sanitation and Health
  • WCED: World Commission on Environment and Development
  • WCRP: World Climate Research Program
  • WDGF: Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation
  • WG: Working Group
  • WMD: Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • WMO: World Meteorological Organization
  • WWF: World Wide Fund for Nature