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arctic council 10th Ministerial meeting

We, the Ministers representing the eight Arctic States, joined by representatives of the six Permanent Participant organizations, have gathered in Fairbanks, Alaska, at the conclusion of the second United States Chairmanship, at the Tenth Ministerial meeting of the Arctic Council,

Reaffirming the commitment to maintain peace, stability, and constructive cooperation in the Arctic,

Celebrating the 20th Anniversary of the Arctic Council and its emergence as the preeminent intergovernmental forum for the Arctic Region, and affirming the commitment to further strengthen the Arctic Council and its activities,

Reaffirming our commitment to the well-being of the inhabitants of the Arctic, to sustainable development and to the protection of the Arctic environment,

Recognizing the rights of Arctic indigenous peoples and the unique role of the Permanent Participants within the Arctic Council, as well as the commitment to consult and cooperate in good faith with Arctic indigenous peoples and to support their meaningful engagement in Arctic Council activities,

Acknowledging the contributions of local authorities, and the interests of all Arctic residents and communities in the work of the Arctic Council,

Further recognizing that activities taking place outside the Arctic region, including activities occurring in Arctic States, are the main contributors to climate change effects and pollution in t he Arctic, and underlining the need for action at all levels,

Noting with concern that the Arctic is warming at more than twice the rate of the global average, resulting in widespread social, environmental, and economic impacts in the Arctic and worldwide, and the pressing and increasing need for mitigation and adaptation actions and to strengthen resilience,

Noting the entry into force of the Paris Agreement on climate change and its implementation, and reiterating the need for global action to reduce both long-lived greenhouse gases and short-lived climate pollutants, and

Reaffirming the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the need for their realization by 2030,



1. Note with concern the widespread impacts of climate change on the Arctic marine
environment and decide to continue efforts to assess these impacts as a basis for marine
stewardship and adaptation,

2. Welcome the operational exercises that have advanced the implementation of the
Agreement on Cooperation on Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue in the Arctic, as
well as cooperation through the Arctic Coast Guard Forum, and request continued actions
within the framework of that Agreement to promote regional capability and readiness,

3. Welcome the entry into force of the Polar Code to ensure safe and environmentally sound
shipping in the harsh Arctic marine environment, and encourage continued engagement by
Arctic States, including at the International Maritime Organization, to facilitate harmonized
implementation and enforcement of the Polar Code, and note with appreciation the
establishment of the Arctic Shipping Best Practices Information Forum to promote the
implementation of the Code,

4. Note the discussions within the International Maritime Organization on the use and carriage
of heavy fuel oil by ships in Arctic waters and the assessment of associated risks, and decide to
provide expertise and information developed through the ongoing work of the Arctic Council
for consideration by those involved in Arctic shipping matters, including at the International
Maritime Organization,

5. Note that the Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and
Response in the Arctic has entered into force, recognize its important role in ensuring the
protection of the Arctic marine environment from oil pollution incidents, welcome operational
exercises and reports in support of its implementation including the database on Arctic
response assets, and encourage their continuation,

6. Reiterate the importance of oil pollution prevention, preparedness, and response, and the
role of research, technology and community participation, and welcome the status report on
the oil pollution prevention framework plan and the Circumpolar Oil Spill Response Viability
Analysis as concrete steps towards realizing this goal,

7. Recognize the value of sustained biodiversity monitoring, welcome the Circumpolar
Biodiversity Monitoring Program's State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Report as the first of
its kind, welcome the summary report, and encourage further efforts to address monitoring
needs and to develop biodiversity status reports for other Arctic ecosystems,

8. Welcome the Arctic Protected Area Indicator Report, adopt the Marine Protected Area
Network Toolbox, and encourage additional work to help implement the Framework for a PanArctic
Network of Marine Protected Areas in order to strengthen marine ecosystem resilience
and to foster the conservation and sustainable use of marine resources,

9. Note with concern the vulnerability of Arctic marine ecosystems to the impacts of ocean
acidification, reiterate the need to study and raise awareness of the impacts of increasing
acidity in the marine areas of the Arctic, and decide to continue efforts to study the effects of
ocean acidification in the Arctic and its environmental, social and economic consequences,

10. Welcome the progress made on implementing the Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment
recommendations, note the importance of increased understanding of Arctic shipping activities
and of reducing the risks to the Arctic marine environment, acknowledge the creation of the
Framework for Cooperative Action on Arctic Ship Traffic Data Sharing, and welcome the Arctic
Regional Reception Facilities Outline and Planning Guide,

11. Note with concern the increasing accumulation of marine debris in the Arctic, its effects on
the environment and its impacts on Arctic communities, and decide to assess the scope of the
problem and contribute to its prevention and reduction, and also to continue efforts to address
growing concerns relating to the increasing levels of microplastics in the Arctic and potential
effects on ecosystems and human health,

12. Recognize the increasing need for regional cooperation to promote the conservation and
sustainable use of the Arctic marine environment, adopt the report of the Task Force on Arctic
Marine Cooperation as an assessment of future needs and existing mechanisms of cooperation,
and its recommendations to strengthen coordinated marine stewardship, and decide to
establish a new mandate for the Task Force to build upon t his work by presenting terms of
reference for a possible new subsidiary body, and recommendations for complementary
enhancements to existing Arctic Council mechanisms, for consideration by Ministers in 2019,

13. Reaffirm the role of the Arctic Council in promoting sustainable development through
harmonizing its three core pillars in an integrated way: economic development, social
development and environmental protection,

14. Recognize the vital importance of healthy Arctic communities, homes and peoples, and the
essential role of the human and social dimension in the work of the Arctic Council, welcome
reports and policy recommendations on food security and culture, on the One Health approach
in the Arctic, on mental wellness and suicide prevention, and on access to safe water and sewer
services, and encourage continued work on these issues,

15. Further recognize the vital importance for human health of a healthy natural environment
in the Arctic, welcome the advancements made to reduce pollutants, such as dioxins, furans,
heavy metals, as well as black carbon, and encourage continued work on these issues at all

16. Look forward to the entry into force of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, encourage
prompt and effective implementation of the Convention by the parties, which is important in
our efforts to reduce mercury contamination in the Arctic, welcome continued progress in the
implementation of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, and welcome
the work on Chemicals of Emerging Arctic Concern, addressing new potential persistent organic
pollutants and other pollutants,

17. Recognize the importance of collaborating with the private sector, welcome the
operationalization of the Arctic Economic Council, and look forward to strengthened cooperation
in order to enhance responsible economic development and to build partnerships for
issues of common interest and capacity-building of Arctic populations,

18. Recognize the need for an improved understanding of the economy, socio-economic living
conditions and environmental issues in the Arctic, and welcome the third Economy of the North
Report as a resource for decision-makers,

19. Welcome the assessment on telecommunications infrastructure in the Arctic and its
associated findings and recommendations, note the importance of furthering efforts to
improve telecommunications in the Arctic as a means to support thriving Arctic communities,
and decide to establish a Task Force on Improved Connectivity in the Arctic to compare the
needs of those who live, operate, and work in the Arctic with available infrastructure, and to
work with the telecommunications industry and the Arctic Economic Council to encourage the
creation of required infrastructure with an eye toward pan-Arctic solutions, and to report to
Ministers in 2019,

20. Note the critical role that energy plays in promoting sustainable development, reiterate the
need to improve the access of Arctic communities to clean, affordable and reliable energy
sources including renewable energy, recognize the potential to further reduce emissions of
greenhouse gases and black carbon, to enhance energy efficiency and conservation, welcome
the Arctic Remote Energy Networks Academy initiative, the Arctic Renewable Energy Atlas, and
the Wind-Diesel Project at the Tundra Collective in the Murmansk Region as concrete steps
towards this goal, and encourage national continuation of these initiatives and additional
efforts to identify innovative energy infrastructure solutions in the Arctic,

21. Recognize the importance of education in fostering sustainable development and building
resilience in Arctic communities, encourage the advancement of equal access to good
education at all levels, from early childhood to post-secondary, to all Arctic residents, paying
particular attention to empowerment and capacity-building of indigenous youth and involving
the University of the Arctic where appropriate, and encourage international co-operation in
developing culturally appropriate teacher competencies,

22. Welcome the initiative concerning preschool education practices aiming to raise the living
standards of Arctic indigenous peoples while maintaining their cultures and languages and
encourage the establishment of a program for training indigenous youth in the documentation
of traditional knowledge related to food, food entrepreneurship and innovation,

23. Note again that the Arctic is warming at more than twice the rate of the global average,
note with concern that the pace and scale of continuing Arctic warming will depend on future
emissions of greenhouse gases and short-lived climate pollutants, reiterate the importance of
global action to reduce both greenhouse gases and short-lived climate pollutants to mitigate
climate change, and call for the Arctic Council to undertake additional analyses to contribute to
the assessment reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and continued
collaboration with all levels of governments,

24. Adopt the first Pan-Arctic report on collective progress to reduce black carbon and methane
emissions by the Arctic States and numerous Observer States and its recommendations,
including an aspirational collective goal, acknowledge the importance of implementing those
recommendations as nationally appropriate, recognizing that Arctic communities are entitled to
develop in accordance with their needs and interests, note the importance of the continued
work of the Expert Group on Black Carbon and Methane, recognize the gains that some
industries have already made in reducing the emissions and intensity of greenhouse gases,
including methane, and underscore the important role of industry in fostering innovative
technologies to contribute to further reductions in greenhouse gases and short-lived climate

25. Recognize that resilience and adaptation to climate change are important for Arctic
communities and ecosystems, welcome the three regional Adaptation Actions for a Changing
Arctic Overview Reports that further our understanding of integrated climate, social and
ecological change, as well as the Arctic Resilience Report and Synthesis for Arctic Leaders,
adopt the Arctic Resilience Action Framework to track suggested circumpolar resilience
priorities and to coordinate such efforts, and welcome actions as appropriate to address those

26. Welcome the creation of the Framework for the Circumpolar Expansion of the Local
Environmental Observer Network and encourage expansion of such networks,

27. Recognize that climate change is the most serious threat to Arctic biodiversity, reiterate our
commitment to safeguarding biodiversity under changing conditions, and look forward to the
second Arctic Biodiversity Congress in 2018,

28. Recognize that rapid change in the Arctic is increasing the region's vulnerability to invasive
alien species, adopt the Arctic Invasive Alien Species Strategy and Action Plan, and encourage
their implementation with the aim to prevent, control, and eradicate invasive alien species,

29. Reiterate the importance of climate science to our understanding of the changing Arctic
region and our activities in the Arctic environment, welcome the work towards a regional
digital elevation model, and encourage continued efforts to coordinate the management and
sharing of data that serve as indicators and predictors of climate change, based, inter alia, on
the World Climate Research Program of the World Meteorological Organization,

30. Recognize the need to increase cooperation in meteorological, oceanographic and
terrestrial observations, research and services, and the need for well-maintained and sustained
observation networks and continuous monitoring in the Arctic, such as the World
Meteorological Organization's Global Cryosphere Watch Program,

31. Recognize the importance of scientific assessments and projections to informed decisionmaking
in the Arctic, incorporating as well traditional and local knowledge, and the reliance of
Arctic biodiversity and inhabitants on the availability of freshwater, welcome the updated
assessment of Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic, note with concern its findings,
and adopt its recommendations,

32. Reaffirm the need for an ecosystem approach to management in the Arctic, welcome the
Status of Implementation of the Ecosystem Approach to Management in the Arctic Report, and
encourage future efforts to develop practical guidelines for implementing an ecosystem

33. Announce the Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation, the
third legally binding agreement negotiated under the auspices of the Arctic Council, which will
help increase effectiveness and efficiency in the development of scientific knowledge about the
region as well as strengthen scientific cooperation in the Arctic region, and encourage its
implementation by all parties following its entry into force,


34. Recognize that the Arctic Council continues to evolve, responding to new opportunities and
challenges in the Arctic, and instruct the Senior Arctic Officials to develop a strategic plan based
on the Arctic Council's foundational documents and subsidiary body strategies and guiding
documents, for approval by Ministers in 2019,

35. Recognize the important work carried out by the Arctic Council Secretariat and the
Secretariats of the Arctic Council Working Groups, and encourage further efforts to strengthen
their capacity,

36. Recognize the need to inform Arctic residents and the general public of the work of the
Arctic Council, welcome the Arctic Council's successful communications efforts and note the
updated 2016 Communications Strategy and the Communications and Outreach Guidelines to
be used by the Arctic Council and its subsidiary bodies,

37. Note the ongoing initiatives undertaken to enhance the accountability and transparency of
the work of the Arctic Council, and welcome the work to complete the archives of the Arctic

38. Welcome the contribution of the Arctic Council Project Support Instrument to the
protection of the Arctic environment by providing and leveraging financing for pollution
mitigation projects, including the recent completion of its first projects,

39. Note with appreciation the work done by the Permanent Participants to establish the Algu
Fund to strengthen their capacity, and acknowledge existing mechanisms to support their
active participation,

40. Welcome the Working Group Common Operating Guidelines that will strengthen the
coherence of the work and procedures of the Arctic Council and its subsidiary bodies,

41. Instruct Senior Arctic Officials to explore the possibility of establishing formal cooperation
mechanisms, such as memoranda of understanding, with those intergovernmental
organizations that could contribute to the work of the Arctic Council, and submit relevant
proposals on the potential structure and content of any such mechanisms to Ministers in 2019,

42. Recognize the positive contributions of Observers to the work of the Arctic Council, note
the efforts made by the Senior Arctic Officials and the subsidiary bodies to enhance
engagement with Observers, and encourage further efforts to strengthen this working

43. Note t he review of those Observers in the Arctic Counci l admitted during the years 1998-
2000, reaffirm the Observer status of those reviewed, and instruct the Senior Arctic Officia ls to
conduct a review of the remaining accredited Observers and report the outcome to Ministers in

44. Welcome the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Oceana, the National
Geographic Society, the Oslo-Paris Commission, Switzerland, the West Nordic Council and the
World Meteorological Organization as new Observers, and also commit to invite, in
cooperation with the Arctic Economic Council, representatives of industry and business
associations to participate as experts in relevant activities of the Arctic Council,

45. Adopt the Senior Arctic Officials Report to Ministers, including its working group
deliverables and work plans, approve the Arctic Council Secretariat budget for 2018 and 2019,
and instruct Senior Arctic Officials to review and adjust the mandates and work plans of the
Arctic Council working groups and other subsidiary bodies as necessary, and

46. Acknowledge with appreciation the United States' role in chairing the Arctic Council during
the period 2015 - 2017, and accept with appreciation Finland's offer to chair the Council for
the period 2017 - 2019 and to host the eleventh Ministerial meeting in 2019.

See the signed document here